Abraham Zacuto was a Sephardi Jewish astronomer, astrologer, mathematician, rabbi and historian who served as Royal Astronomer in the 15th century to King. After the Spanish exile, Zacuto settled at Lisbon, where he was soon appointed court astronomer and historiographer to John II. He retained his office under D. ZACUTO, ABRAHAM BEN SAMUEL (–c. ), astronomer and historian. His ancestors were French Jewish exiles who had come to Castile in

Author: Yozshukora Diramar
Country: Cameroon
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Spiritual
Published (Last): 5 September 2013
Pages: 289
PDF File Size: 11.50 Mb
ePub File Size: 13.88 Mb
ISBN: 689-4-61190-394-9
Downloads: 78720
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Vuzahn

For other uses, see Zacuto camera accessories.


The Book of Lineageor Sefer Yohassin, his Opus Magnum, was completed five hundred years ago after a decade-spanning work. The book was translated into English and published in by the Zacuto foundation founded by Dr.

The Book of Yohassin is our only primary source on the matter as the other writers just quoted the book of R. Consequently he relied on the Zohar in matters of halakhah and history. This is the first historical chronicle abrsham the entire history of mankind from the Jewish perspective, integrating the records of Jewish chronographers.

We used the text republished with many sources revealed in by Yarid Sefarim of 6, Mea Shearim, Jerusalem. It was next published in Cracow —81 with the notes of Moses b. The tables were completed in under the patronage of the bishop of Salamanca, Gonzalo de Vivero, who admired Zacuto’s extensive knowledge of astronomy and history.

Abraham Zacuto came to new conclusion about the origin of storms and gales in the equinoctial regions. Astronomy in the Iberian Peninsula.

Columbus pretended praying to his God, the eclipse passed and since then the Caciques respected him and provided with all he needed. As a result, he became part of a society of scholars who prepared navigation tables for Portuguese sailors.

The manuscript in the National Library is not complete. He included in his Book of Lineage some controversial for his time ideas and facts. Lev considers the chapter 6 being written in AM [ CE], while previous chapters were written in preceding years. The dates in the square brackets are supplied by us as a guidance only; a year by default refers to the current Gregorian calendar.


Helen in Novemberdisembarked to take the readings because he did not quite trust the new-fangled astrolabe on board.


Inat age of 20, the young Zacuto began his work on his famed solar declination tables, called Ha-Hibur ha-Gadol or Almanach perpetuum coelestium motium Perpetual Almanac of the Heavenly Bodiesessential for the calculation of geographical coordinates.

The previous generations of our forefathers in the darkness of the Diaspora read this book to enliven their souls. His greatness and wit are seen in his own replies in the discussion on Maimonides [as quoted by Maharal b. H corresponds to Heh, while A corresponds to Alef.

Abraham Zacuto the Second. Abraham, sailed with him, and accompanied him in all his journeys. Zacuto’s astronomical findings played an important role in the Spanish and Portuguese discoveries. After their conquest of the last Moorish kingdom of Granada, the Royal rulers of recently united Spain decided to convert their Jewish subjects, to finish off in one stroke the hundred years drive for Christianisation of Spanish Jews. But the stars did not bode him well: Zacuto played a major role in preparing Vasco da Gama for his historic voyage to India.

From the standpoint of completeness, these treatises are superior to anything written by Zacuto’s predecessors and they laid the foundations for scholarly research by succeeding generations. Despite the reassessment of modernity, the Book of Yohassin remains an important step on the road from the mist of tales and legends to the light of scientific exploration. Among his maternal ancestors, there was renowned R.

This project was realised, despite immense difficulties, thanks to guidance and inspiration provided by Dr Vladimir Rozenblit whose interest in the Jewish history and tradition moved us forward. It includes the second article, tractate Amoraim, and then a different manuscript, by a different author from a later period. Samuel Zacuto was the father and master of the author of the Book of Yohassin [2].


Eminent Talmudist; born in western Germany about ; died in Toledo, Spain, Prior to the Almanachnavigators seeking to determine their position in the high seas had to correct for “compass error” the deviation of the magnetic north from the true north by recourse to the quadrant and the Pole Star.

Zacuto was a great expert of the Talmud, the compendium of Jewish tradition which he learned from R. Columbus visited Veragua, where he found plenty of gold. You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. Abraham taught in the University and many of his disciples, Christians and Jews, became prominent scholars.

Abraham Zacuto in Sefer Yohassin [25]. Still his copy based on the Oxford MS remained the best scientific text of the book and it was republished with extensive notes by Abraham Haim Freimann Frankfurt am Main Besides his astronomical investigations, R. School period Add photo. Isaac Aboab and inherited from his ancestors who came to Spain from Provence, France in He pushed a heavy oar on a galley, says the legend, until his captors discovered the extent of his knowledge. Popularly known by the initials of his name: He foretold the success of the expedition and that the Portuguese would conquer a large part of India.

Columbus acquiesced, the eclipse passed and since then the Caciques respected him and provided with all he needed, says the legend.

In like manner space is given to the Babylonian captivity, the events which occurred during the period of the Second Temple, the characteristics of that period, the princes of the Abrraham, and the rectors of the academies of Sura and Pumbedita. Other members of the noble Zacuto family traded and wrote books elsewhere, from Ukraine to Portugal.