wie die Objekte zu bilden sind, ist im ATKIS-Objektartenkatalog (ATKIS-OK) Topographisch-Kartographischen Informationssystems (ATKIS®) und basiert. Comparison of two aggregation methods (ATKIS): a input dataset der Bundesrepublik Deutschland: ATKIS-Objektartenkatalog: ). Teil D ATKIS-Objektartenkatalog (ATKIS-OK). Landesvermessungsamt Nordrhein -Westfalen, Bonn () 3. Bishr, Y.A.: Semantic Aspects of Interoperable GIS.
|Published (Last):||12 October 2009|
|PDF File Size:||19.93 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||14.27 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
The most complex field are archaeological objects such as tumuli or old dwelling mounds in the investigation area.
A ghost driver is an individual who travels in a wrong direction or completely against traffic flow. Heavy migration, the dissolution of the social communities, objektarfenkatalog particular in the rural areas, as well as the dissolution of stable social structures together with the increasing objektartrnkatalog via print- and electronic media, result in the increasing loss of orally passed information and local names, such as field names, e.
Like periods of art, the periods of culture-technical characteristics Iron Age have no static dating and they are not independent from the geographical location. Furthermore, the current collection informs about the toponyms extracted from historical atois, which are in common use today; other, no longer used designations can be assigned with a final value of temporal validity.
Because of the needs of users and the necessity to preserve the completeness of spatial data it is difficult to recommend any serious limitations of the list of objects included in TBD. Basically it can differentiate between events and eras the yearor around a.
Chicago, USA, January 1, With the focus on the autobahn entrance and exit, our proposed evaluation approach based on high-precision GNSS trajectories was implemented successfully. However a generalization of certain less frequent objects rarely included in other databases or limiting the number of their attributes can be considered. The borders and designation of research areas, sheet cuts of maps and areas with special status – protected areas, military areas etc.
Hence, the footprint of a toponym Hill,  can only be identified at a certain point in time. If it is possible, the field names won by verbal report should be stored also in phonetic notation of IPA see Falkson, .
Buckland Application of geographical gazetteer standards to named time periods. Digital road maps that are navigable and contain detailed traffic-specific and environmental information like the lane curvature or the lane width contribute significantly to improving the performance and the reliability of many advanced driver assistance and safety systems. Retrieved from ” http: In the northern part, seawards the mouth of the Elbe, as well as in the estuary mouths of the large tidal channels like the Hever, the spatial shifting of sandbanks, tidal shoals and creeks are partly even more serious.
A gazetteer is defined as a geographical dictionary, giving place names and some additional explanations. OpenStreetMap data; the German official topographic-cartographic information system: Such a relative spatial reference has another character than the representation of a real object by its absolute geometry.
Gazetteers became popular and common like dictionaries and encyclopaedias and other common sources. Field names of polders and islands The gathering of the field names for recent existing polders at the west coast was promptly accomplished due to the good data source situation.
In Figure 1 we see that toponyms are made available on the seaside for the German sovereign territory as well as up to 50 km to the hinterland, depending on the basis of the inside borders of the coastal waters according to the EWFD. Among other things, the search for information by toponyms should be supported. A framework of settlement- and marine water names is provided for the whole area.
Such a complex administration of temporal data is not only relevant for polders, but it is necessary to manage many other objects of the geosciences and history. From many polders the accurate year of edification is known and many receive their names not by assumption of existing field names but by a concrete designation act. Evaluation of exemplary sources Littoral Toponyms and Water-Names A special challenge to the gazetteer service was the fast-changing geomorphology of the coastal area.
Dokumentation zur Modellierung der Geoinformationen des amtlichen Vermessungswesens, Version 6. The name of the summer-polder survives then as designation of a subsection within the new polder e. It has to be mentioned that there are also road data with lower levels of positional accuracy that do not fulfil the ADAS requirement. Otherwise, on a holm, atkiw a high degree of the isolation, the small population size and a high steadiness of the population, atypical favourable conditions for the conservation of toponyms still exist.
For the Dithmarscher Wadden Sea the extensive collection by Falkson  can be used. It is also aimed to capture the field names in the Low German manner of speaking. Techniniu reikalavimu reglamentas GKTR objektartenkatwlog. Such borders have a soft character in opposite to those at the edges of tidal creeks.
Finally the assessment results and the main conclusion atkls discussed. Above all, the main goal of the gazetteer project is to offer a possibility to find datasets on measurements, mapping or literature among other things – with the help of toponyms.
One of the factors which slows down the development of topographic databases is the fact, that the range of included data is often too wide. For some polders, the date of the collapse is objektartenkwtalog well-known.
Geographic information – Spatial referencing by geographic identifiers. In this paper an efficient and practical method of determining data accuracy for digital road maps based on well-founded criteria in terms of absolute positional error and form deviation compared to reference location is proposed. Within the Wadden area, typical geographic forms often receive their name from fisherman or other seamen and from their perspective.
The aim of research was to compare the thematic range of Polish TBD with selected European topographic databases of similar level of detail and secondly, to optimize TBD’s range of contents. But also field names of recent origin were added: The data acquisition was done by using very different procedures, from data transformation to data source evaluation, up to field work.
The same applies to a polder with dating in the first half, the first quarter… of the 17th century. With the aid of these data, acquired in the test areas, the technical concept for the gazetteer can be objektartenkkatalog. For described timescales a characteristic value and a term of temporal haziness is used: Furthermore, the completeness of attributes which provide essential information for routing applications and road safety, such as the direction of traffic flow and the number of lanes, should be considered HERE, and TomTom, The atkiw of satellite images or maps without toponyms is rare.
Geographical Information Science, Vol. In the end ofthe first considerations about the volume and sources and the way of reclamation the word-pool have been made.