Beta-carotene: medium; vitamin E: low; riboflavin: low; folic acid: low; ascorbic acid: medium; calcium: low; iron: medium; protein: %. Young. EPPO code: BEAVV; Preferred name: Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris var. cicla; Authority: (Linnaeus) Arcangeli. Notes. Beet cultivated as a. Notes. BRIEF DESCRIPTION A beet with large crisp, fleshy leaf stalks and large leaves rather than enlarged roots. USES The midribs of the leaves are eaten.
|Country:||Sao Tome and Principe|
|Published (Last):||26 January 2014|
|PDF File Size:||15.64 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||12.87 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
He also ordered that 28, hectares 69, acres be devoted to growing the new sugar beet.
In the second edition of “Species Plantarum”Linnaeus separated the sea beet as its own species, Beta maritimaand left only the cultivated beets in Beta vulgaris. Cultivars with large, brightly coloured leaves are grown for decorative purposes.
Archived from the original E-book on If the file has been modified from its original state, some details such as the timestamp may not fully reflect those of the original file. In the diabetic group, a decrease in the number of B cells of Langerhans islets and in the secretory materials, a swollen granular endoplasmic reticulum cisternae and widened intercellular areas in some of B cells were observed.
In Egyptian cuisinechard is commonly cooked with taro root and coriander in a light broth. In some parts of Africa, the whole leaf blades are usually prepared with the midribs as one dish.
Cultivars of chard include green forms, such as ‘Lucullus’ and ‘Fordhook Giant’, as well as red-ribbed forms such as ‘Ruby Chard’ and ‘Rhubarb Chard’. I hold the copyright. The wild ancestor of the cultivated beets is the sea beet Beta vulgaris subsp.
Webarchive template webcite links Articles with ‘species’ microformats All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from May Commons category link is on Wikidata. Flora of North America Editorial Committee eds. Modern sugar beets date back to midth century Silesia where the king of Prussia subsidised experiments aimed at processes for sugar extraction.
All cultivars fall into the subspecies Beta vulgaris subsp.
Archived from the original e-book on Beta vulgaris is classified into three subspecies: The sea vulgafisthe ancestor of modern cultivated beets, prospered along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Betacyanin in beetroot may cause red urine in people who are unable to break it down.
The ancient Romans considered beets an important health food and bulgaris aphrodisiac. Roman and Jewish literary sources suggest that in the 1st century BC the domestic beet was represented in the Mediterranean basin primarily by leafy forms like chard and spinach vulggaris.
Description Chard Beta vulgaris var var.ciclz. Some of the numerous synonyms are Beta vulgaris subsp. Now rankless cultivar groups are used, according to the International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants.
Retrieved 19 January A large proportion of the commercial production is processed into boiled and sterilised beets or into pickles. Chard belongs to the chenopodswhich are now mostly included in the family Amaranthaceae sensu lato.
Chard is used in traditional Swiss cuisine, however, namely in a dish called Capuns from the Canton of Grisons. Chard or Swiss chard Beta vulgaris subsp. Jews traditionally eat beet on Rosh Hashana New Year. The extract while having no effect on blood glucose and body weight in the normal group, reduced the blood glucose value in streptozotocin-induced hyperglycemic animals. Domestication of plants in the old world: Koch Flavescens GroupB.
The following page uses this file: This page was last edited on 8 Octoberat Views Read Edit View history. Sea beet Beta vulgaris subsp.
In the cultivars of the Flavescens-Group, the leaf stalks are large and often prepared separately from the leaf blade. The species description of Beta vulgaris was made in by Carl Linnaeus in Species Plantarumat the same time creating the genus Beta. But, in a diabetic group given chard extract, an increase in the number of B cells of Langerhans islets and in the secretory granules were noted, together with many hypertrophic Golgi apparatus and granules of low densities.
Some attribute the name to it having been first described by a Swiss botanist, either Gaspard Bauhin  var.cicls Karl Heinrich Emil Koch  although the latter was German, not Swiss.
Views View Edit History. Chard Beta vulgaris L.
In the Northern Hemisphere, chard is typically ready to harvest as early as April and lasts through May. The fruit utricle is enclosed by the leathery and incurved perianth, and is immersed in the swollen, hardened perianth base.