Hälfte des Jahrhunderts in Bologna lebte. Sein Hauptwerk, das Decretum ( oder: Concordia discordantium canonum) entstand vermutlich um Gratian . Law History of canon law. Sources Collections. Compilations. Selections Decretum Gratiani. Concordia discordantium canonum (Gratian, 12th cent.), . Law Law of the Roman Catholic Church. The Holy See Collections. Compilations . Selections Decretum Gratiani. Concordia discordantium canonum (Gratian.

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This is a legacy resource. Most of the fragments of the Corpus iuris civilis inserted in the Decretum possess the four essential features of the paleae, even though the indication palea is often replaced by the word lex.

Gratian, Decretum of (Concordia Discordantium Canonum) |

This last explanation seems to be hardly probable; nonetheless it is difficult to accept with certainty either one of the first two. Retrieved December dicordantium, from Encyclopedia. Gratian and the Development of Penitential Thought and Law, ca. A law, rule, or ordinance in general, and of the church in particular.

Richter, Aemilius Ludwig, ed. Small means increase by concord and litigations by opulence. Rivista internazionale di diritto canonico 11 Discover some of the most interesting and trending topics of Gratian realized that the auctoritates cited often contradicted one another, and in his commentary he attempted to reconcile these concotdia.

This is the final agreement. Versuch einer Antwort aus Beobachtungen an D.


Keep Exploring Britannica Angela Merkel. The Decretum Gratianialso known as the Concordia discordantium canonum or Concordantia discordantium canonum or simply as the Decretumis a collection of Canon law compiled and written in the 12th century as a legal textbook by the jurist known as Gratian. The paleae of the Decretum probably came from these collections.


In addition Gratian sought to demonstrate that the conflicts among the various doctrines were more apparent than real and were frequently attributable to a different interpretation of terms. A thorough study of the auctoritates cited in the Decretum has determined that the collections of Ivo of Chartres, particularly the Decretum and the Panormia, were Gratian’s main sources. The Decretum was called “the first comprehensive and systematic legal treatise in the history of the West, and perhaps in the history of mankind- if by ‘comprehensive’ is meant the attempt to embrace virtually the entire law of a given polity, and if by ‘systematic’ is meant the express effort to that law as a single body, in which all parts are viewed as interacting to form a whole.

Vetulani suggests, to one of the first commentators whose summary of the Decretum is contained in a manuscript of the library of Gdansk. It soon became the basic text on which the masters of canon law lectured and commented in the universities.

You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered. This dialectical approach allowed for other law professors to work with the Decretum and to develop their own solutions and commentaries. The people providing legal help and who respond are volunteers who may not be lawyers, legal professionals or have any legal training or experience.

Constantine to Pope Gregory I. VI,” refers to the second part, 33rd cause, question 3, distinction VI, canon 1; “c. Among the first commentators were paucapalea and Roland Bandinelli, who in became Pope alexander iii.

Gratian’s Decretum

As late asscholars commonly set the date of completion atbut this accuracy in dating isn’t possible after Anders Winroth’s groundbreaking scholarship.


Moreover, in many instances the interpolation is evident.

The paleae, which are auctoritates like all the others, present four essential characteristics: Specific concepts included consent for marriage and wrongful intent in determining whether a certain act constituted a crime. XI” indicates the first part of the “Decree”.

Gratian’s Decretum | canon law |

The second part is composed of 36 causae, which in turn are divided into a certain number of quaestiones. The most important commentators were probably Rufin of Bologna died before and Huguccio died The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. Print this article Print all entries for this topic Cite this article. Moreover, small collections of paleae used to complete the Decretum were found in certain manuscripts dating from the end of the 12th and early 13th centuries.

Collections of glosses were called “gloss apparatus” or Lectura canonuk Decretum see also glossator. Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions. There is considerable discussion as to the origin of Gratian’s treatment of Penance De penitentia and his De consecratione. In the earliest glosses are often found references to the Code or the Digest.

Obvious printing errors have been corrected, but not if there is a possiblity that these could represent medieval ms.

Decretum magistri Gratiani — pars II.