In contrast to the notion of sense relations, polysemy and homonymy refer to similarities rather than differences between meanings. A word is polysemous when. Abstract. In this article we examine the concepts of polysemy and homonymy. After a broad overview of the topic we focus on the treatment of several examples . Polysemy and homonymy are semantic phenomena that are part of our everyday language. Polysemous words possess two or more related senses; homonyms.
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The above two examples are both written and read alike; they have the same spellings and sounds. The origins of the words are related. He read the newspaper. He forgot to milk the cow. Polysemous words are listed under one entry in dictionaries. Polysemous words can be understood if you know the meaning of one word. Polysemy is the coexistence of many possible meanings for a word or phrase.
They fixed a date for the wedding. A word becomes polysemous if it can be used to express different meanings. Polysemy refers to words or phrases with different, but related meanings.
Such words are generally listed in dictionaries under one entry; numbers may be used to denote the subtle differences. The difference between these meanings can homoynmy obvious or subtle. This is the main difference between polysemy and homonymy. The meaning of homonymous words cannot be guessed since the words hlmonymy unrelated meanings.
Polysemy refers to the coexistence of many possible meanings for a word or phrase. Homonymy refers to two unrelated words that look or sound the same. Although the meanings of the underlined word pairs only have a subtle difference.
He drank a glass of milk. But, examining the origins of the words polyssmy help to decide whether a word is polysemic or homonymous. Polysemy has different, yet related meanings. Given below are some examples of homonyms:. The enraged actor sued the newspaper.
Homonymy refers to the existence of two or more words having the same spelling or pronunciation but different meanings and origins.
The statue was made out of a block of wood. His cottage is near a small wood. Her areas of interests include literature, language, linguistics and also food. Homonymy has completely different meanings. She is currently reading for a Masters degree in English.
Two or more words become homonyms if they either sound the same homophoneshave the same spelling homographsor if they both homophones and homographs, but do not have related meanings.
Polgsemy fixed his hair. Both of them refer to words having multiple meanings. It is sometimes difficult to determine whether a word is polysemous or not because the relations between words can be vague and unclear.
Some words do not have the same spellings, but they share same the same pronunciation. Polysemy and Homonymy are two similar concepts in linguistics.