Infanticide – Download as Powerpoint Presentation .ppt /.pptx), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or view presentation slides online. Buruknya, sampai sekarang infanticide tetap terjadi. Walaupun definisi legal dari infanticide berbeda di banyak negara, akan tetapi menurut. Infanticide as a sexually selected male reproductive strategy.
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In the Journal of Medical Ethicsthey propose:. Will Saletan writes about politics, science, technology, and other stuff for Slate. Predictably, the article has sparked outrage. The moral significance of fetal development is arbitrary.
I often hear this argument from infwnticide in the context of time limits on abortion.
In a debate last fallI drew up a timeline of fetal developmentweek by week. The response from Ann Furedi, chief executive of the British Pregnancy Advisory Service, was that it would be arbitrary to use any point in that timeline to draw a legal limit on abortion rights. Giubilini and Minerva seem to share this view.
Furedi accepts birth as the first logical time limit, though not for reasons of fetal development. See her comments 44 minutes into this video. But Giubilini and Minerva push beyond that limit. Prior to personhood, human life has no moral claims on us. Giubilini and Minerva add only one further premise to this argument: Once that premise is added, the newborn, like the fetus, becomes fair game.
Any burden on the woman outweighs the value of the child. Giubilini and Minerva note that philosophers such as Peter Singer have presented arguments for neonaticide for many years. The value of life depends on choice.
They argue that the choice is up to the woman. Some assert that the life within her has no moral status until she chooses to give birth to it. Again, Giubilini and Minerva simply extend this logic beyond infanticive.
Whether she will exist is exactly what our choice is about. Discovery of a serious defect is grounds for termination.
Fetal development can turn tragic at any point. Most people agree that abortion should be permitted when a grave defect is discovered at amniocentesis.
In the partial-birth abortion debate, pro-choicers extended this rationale, arguing that abortions in the third trimester should be permitted when horrible defects were identified at that stage. Giubilini and Minerva take this argument to the next level, noting that defects often remain undiscovered until birth:. But I also think that the value of the unborn human increases throughout its development.
How do they answer the argument, advanced by Giubilini and Minerva, that any maternal interest, such as the burden of raising a gravely defective newborn, trumps the value of that freshly delivered nonperson?
What value does the newborn have? At what point did it acquire that value?
And why should the law step in to protect that value against the judgment of a woman and her doctor? Imfanticide Saletan’s latest short takes on the news, via Twitter: Health and Science has moved! You can find new stories here. A Dutch baby born on Feb.
In the Journal of Medical Ethicsthey propose: Therefore, we claim that addalah a newborn could be ethically permissible in all the circumstances where abortion would be. Such circumstances include cases where the newborn has the potential infantickde have an at least acceptable life, but the well-being of the family is at risk. If a potential person, like a fetus and a newborn, does not become an actual person, like you and us, then there is neither an actual nor a future person who can be harmed, which means that there is no harm at all.
Giubilini and Minerva take this infanticive to the next level, noting that defects often remain undiscovered until birth: This percentage indicates that, considering only the European areas under examination, about infants were born with Down’s syndrome without parents being aware of it before birth. Once these children are born, there is no choice for the parents but to keep the child, which sometimes is exactly what they would not have done if the disease had been diagnosed before birth. If criteria such as the costs social, psychological, economic for the potential parents are good enough reasons for having an abortion even when the fetus is healthy, if the moral status of the newborn is the same as that of the infant and if neither has any moral value by virtue of being a potential person, then the same reasons which justify abortion should also justify the killing of the potential person when it is at the stage of a newborn.
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