A jagir (IAST: Jāgīr), also spelled as jageer, was a type of feudal land grant in South Asia at the foundation of its Jagirdar system. After the collapse of Mughal Empire, the system of jagirs was retained by Rajput and Sikh kingdoms, and later . The Mughals continued the Jagirdari system while making slight changes to the way they ruled. Under Mughals, the Jagirdars were allowed to collect taxes. Jāgīrdār system: Jagirdar system, a form of land tenancy developed in India during The early Mughal emperors (16th century) wished to abolish it, preferring to.

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The Emperor could shift part or the entire Jagir from one part of the imperial territory to another at any time. Amin was posted in each suba to see that Jagirdars were following imperial regulations. You are commenting using your WordPress. Responsibility of assigning jagir was that of Diwan – i — Tan minister of salaries.

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Shortly following independence from the British Crown inthe jagirdar system was abolished by the Indian government in Articles containing Persian-language text Articles containing Bengali-language text All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from February Use dmy dates from April Second, he obtained from the nawab the practical exemption….

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The early Mughal emperors 16th century wished to abolish it, preferring to reward their officials with cash salaries, but it was reintroduced by the later emperors and contributed greatly to the weakening of the Mughal state. He wanted to impose law and order in remote areas. At the same time, it was used for distributing the revenue resources among the ruling classes.


Dystem the same time, its disadvantage was that it discouraged the Jagirdars from taking long term measures for the development of their areas.

Jāgīrdār system

Keep Exploring Britannica Marketing. The Diwan of the Suba saw to it that the Jagirdars never harassed the peasants for excess payment. These jagirs were transferable every three or four years 2. Jagir zor talab, where it was difficult to collect land revenue due to war and other internal problems.

You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. We also come across the term Zamindars besides Mansabdars and Jagirdars in the official Mughal records. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. The framework of the Mughal Jagirdari system began during the reign of Akbar and in course of time it underwent modifications. If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login.

They also maintained armed forces and forts depending on their status. Generally, the jama included land revenue, in-land transit duties, port customs and other taxes too.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Under the regime of Akbar, Mansabdari system became the basis of military and civil administration. First class was in equal number to Jat and sawar, second class Jat and half or more than half of sawar and third class Jat and less than half of sawar. The jagirdars employed their own officials like amil etc.


jagirdar system | History & Facts |

However, the basic framework was developed during Akbar’s reign. Organization of the nobility and the army In India: It also confirmed the hold of the crown over the rising ambitions of the nobility. Most princely states of India during the colonial British Raj era were jagirdars such as Mohrampur Jagir. He even continued some eystem to Hindu temples. Thus, the Jagirdars were allowed to collect only the stipulated amount fixed by the king.

Retrieved from ” https: The transfer system, according to him, meant that jagirdars took no interest in improving methods of cultivation, means of irrigation, and quality of crops or improving the conditions of Mughal peasantry.

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: It suited the Mughal Empire especially from 17th century onwards for the smooth functioning of the jagirdari system. It is of great interest to note as observed by J. Page 12 of Unfortunately, our editorial approach may mughlas be able to accommodate all contributions.

Dam is a small copper coin. A slave was considered by law as property,….