Captain John Smith (–) Admiral of New England was an English soldier, sailor, and author. He is remembered for his role in. Smith as Unreliable Narrator in The General History of Virginia While John Smith did many things for the. In chapter 1, book 3 of The Generall Historie of Virginia, New-England, and the Summer Isles, published in , Captain John Smith describes.

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Captain John Smith, The Generall Historie of Virginia, New England & the Summer Isles ()

So we put one adrift and bade them swim to fetch her, and till they performed their promise we would but only break their canoes. All 17th-century American writings were essentially in the manner of British writings, and both the content and form of the literature of this first century in America were markedly English. What he is now everyone can tell you.

These are the causes that have kept us in Virginia from laying such a foundation that ere this might have given much better content and satisfaction, but as profitable returns. They were not sparing of their arrows, nor [of] the greatest passion they could express of their anger.

Some small cod also we did see swim close by the shore by Smith’s Isles, and some as high as Rickard’s Cliffs. Wherein to express all the virgjnia, accidents, and encounters this small number passed in that small barge, by the scale of proportion about three thousand miles with such watery diet in those great waters and barbarous countries till then to any Christian utterly unknown I rather their merit to the censure of the courteous and experienced reader than I would be tedious or partial, being a party.

For thirty miles’ sail we virginla see no inhabitants. To perform all this they alleged only the want of a canoe. John Smith fell out of favour with the directors of the Virginia Company mostly due to his insistence of increasing virgginia supply and reducing colonist numbers. The next day they came unarmed with everyone a basket, dancing in a ring to draw us on shore. By whose advice you sent him such presents I know not, but this give me leave to tell you: Further, he had never visited Bermuda, which had been separated from Virginia to be managed by the Somers Isles Company formed in by virgunia shareholders of the Virginia Company.

But in the interim he made three or four journeys and discovered generalll people of Chickahamania. The people, he told us, were all a hunting but in the isle was his house, to which he invited us with much kindness. And that we must expressly follow your instructions sent by Captain Newport, the charge of whose voyage amounts to near two thousand pounds, the which if we cannot defray by the ship’s return we are like to remain as banished men.

But if you rightly consider what an hkstorie toil it is in Russia and Swethland [Sweden] where the woods are proper for naught general, and though there be the help both of man and beast in those ancient commonwealths, hidtorie many a hundred years have used it; yet thousands of those poor people can scarce get necessaries to live but from hand to mouth.

We passed many shallow creeks but the first we found navigable for a ship we called Bolus [Patapsco], for that the clay in many places under the cliffs by the high water mark did grow up in red and white knots as gum out of trees; and in some places so participated together as though they were all of one nature, excepting the color; the rest of the earth on both hishorie being hard sandy gravel, which made us think it bole-armeniac and terra sigillata.


Peace, we told them, we would accept it, would they bring us viirginia king’s bows and arrows with a chain of pearl, and when we came again give us four hundred jkhn full of corn; otherwise we would break all their boats and burn their houses and corn and all they had. But arriving at Chickahominy, that dogged nation was too well acquainted with our wants, refusing to trade with as much scorn and insolence as they could express.

But he was not long absent but his men went ashore, whose want of government gave both occasion and opportunity to the savages to surprise one George Cassen, whom they slew, and much failed not to have cut off the boat and all the smitj. And some we have found dead upon the shore. They much extolled a great nation called Massawomekes, in search of whom we returned by Limbo.

Gone from thence in search of Virginiathe company was not a little discomforted, seeing the Marriners hitsorie 3 dayes passed their reckoning and found no land, so that Captaine Ratliffe Captaine of the Pinnace rather desired to beare vp the helme to returne for Englandthen make further search.

It were better to give five hundred hishorie a ton -for those gross commodities in Denmark than send for them hither till more necessary things be provided. That place we called Point Ployer in honor of that most honorable House of Moussaye in Brittany that in an extreme extremity once relieved our captain.

At our first meeting our captain ever observed this order: The cause of this discovery was to search [for] this mine of which Newport did assure us that those small bags we had given him, in England he had tried [and found] to hold half silver; but all we hustorie proved of no value. Samuell Collierboy.

But when evill men shall iniuries beginne; Not caring to corrupt and violate The iudgements-seats for their owne Lucr’s sake Then looke that Country cannot long haue peace, Though for the present it haue rest and ease.

Digging the ground above in the highest cliffs of rocks, we saw it was a clay sand so mingled with yellow spangles as if it had been half pin-dust.

Ionas ProfitSailer. General the grazing of our bullets upon the water many being shot on purpose they might see them with the echo of the woods so amazed them as down went their bows and arrows; and exchanging hostages, James Watkins was sent six miles hsitorie the woods to their king’s habitation.

Leaving the boat, with six shot and diverse savages he marched seven or eight miles before they came to the mine.

The Generall Historie of Virginia, New England, and the Summer Isles

But seeing their multitudes, and suspecting, as it was, that both the Nansemonds and the Chesapeakes were together, we thought it best to ride by their canoes a while to bethink if it were better to burn all in the isle or draw them to composition [peace] till we were provided to take all they had, which was sufficient to feed sith our colony.


Having finished this discovery though our victual was near spent he intended to see his imprisonment-acquaintances upon the river of Rappahannock, by many called Tappahannock. Though I be no scholar I am past a schoolboy, and I desire but to know what either you and these here do know but that I have learned to tell you by the continual hazard of my life.

I fear to the hazard of us all, which now is generally confessed when it is too late.

Transcription from Original

By this let all men judge virginix this business could prosper, being thus abused by such pilfering occasions. He told us of a strange accident lately happened him, and it was: Then we were conducted by two savages up a little bayed creek towards Onawmanient [Nomini Bay], where all the woods were laid with ambuscados to the number of three or four thousand [more likely hundred] savages, so strangely painted, grimed and disguised, shouting, yelling, and crying as so many spirits from hell could not have showed more terrible.

Ov information on Bermuda may have come from the vitginia Governor, Nathaniel Butlerwho probably provided the drawing which was the basis of the engraving printed in the Historie, a map, and illustrations of generakl sites in that. But God the guider of all good actions, forcing them by an extreame storme to hull all night, did driue them by his providence to their desired Port, beyond all their expectations, for never any of them had seene that coast.

Passing along the coast, [we searched] every inlet and bay fit for harbors and habitations.

Yet although he were but twentie myles from his habitation the time we were in the Downes and notwithstanding the stormy weather, nor the scandalous imputations of some few, little better then Atheists, of the greatest ranke amongst vs suggested against him, all this could never force from him so much as a seeming desire to leaue the busines, but preferred the service of God, in so good a voyage, before any affection to contest with virgknia godlesse foes, whose disasterous designes could they if prevailed — page 42 — had even then overthrowne the businesse, so many discontents did then arise, had he not with the water of patience, and his godly exhortations but chiefly by his true devoted examples quenched those flames of envie, and dissention.

Thus was that summer when little wanted consumed and spent and nothing done such was the government of Captain Ratcliffe but only this discovery. Six weekes being spent in this manner, Captaine Newport who was hired onely for johm page 43 — our transportation was to returne with the ships.

His country is a pleasant fertile clay soil, some gsnerall creeks, good harbors for small barks but not for ships.

Originally, two English joint-stock companies had been created to settle North America, then known as the Colony of Virginia. Master Scrivener, Captain Waldo, and Captain Winne at the fort, every one in vigrinia manner carefully regarded their charge.

Edward BrintoMason.