Read Colorado Springs Gazette Telegraph Newspaper Archives, Jun 10, , p . 65 with family history and genealogy records from Colorado. 7,/83, it is “illegal to hire workers for an outsourced company, with employment .. As, p) noted, what interests a capitalist in producing an item ” is not strictly .. MARINHO, L. CNI defende lei da terceirização para proteger o trabalhador. in by the so-called law of national security (Lei de Segurarnça Nacional). This scenario changed with the enactment of Law 7, on 4 July
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Projeto de Lei n. The bibliographic review that was carried out for 19883 article produced a definition of a secondary objective. This said, after an intense bout of negotiation, the item dealing se the joint liability of the contractee of a service was incorporated into Bill No. This affects the force field structured around this bill being passed, which is based on an asymmetry that is clearly favourable to the business sector.
Another aspect dealt with in this study went beyond the merely economic issue and looked at the physical integrity of these workers. These authors stress, in both cases studied that the essence of having a job and job satisfaction are lost, either because of an intensification in the work that is linked to multifunctionality, or because of the mechanical routine of the work, both of which may be associated with a lack of prospects in terms of professional career advancement. In terms of the need to regulate outsourcing, as an activity that is widely practiced across the country, the proposed argument falls not far short of that proposed by the author of the Bill.
One should also stress, however, that this reform in Mexico only allowed for subcontracting in those activities in which contractees were not involved, prohibiting its use, furthermore, as a “tool of the intermediation of labour” DELGADO and AMORIM,p. With regard to the symbolic dimension, research has prioritised the llei of outsourced workers, looking at areas such the subjective construction of the psychological contract, moral harassment, and the construction of a collective identity of workers.
Consequently, the human agency emerges as a central aspect and, in spite of certain structural restrictions, subjects cannot be reduced to mere epiphenomenons of these ,ei. As additional encouragement for a speedy approval, it claims that outsourcing is “one of the techniques of labour administration that is experiencing the most rapid rate of growth” MABEL, The bills contrary to the main points embodied in Bill No.
One should perhaps highlight here a feature of the debate over outsourcing, associated with the efforts being made against Bill No.
In a technical statement published in August ofAnamatra stated that outsourcing is a form of labour relations that goes beyond the concepts of employee and employer set down in Articles 2 and 3 of the CLT, which consider employment ties as a bilateral relationship between employer and employee, defining the latter as: Fairclough, Jessop and Sayerp.
However, Sayer stresses the impossibility of adopting methods that are typical to the natural sciences to cope with the hermeneutic dimension of the social sciences. In order to justify the decision to use Critical Realism in this article, which is a current of philosophy of the science whose modern-day origins are associated with philosopher Roy Bhaskar, we offer some brief considerations below regarding this line of thinking, given that its inclusion in Brazilian organisational studies is as yet somewhat incipient.
To achieve the primary goal of this study, an analysis was made of the participation of other collective actors, as well as that of entities representing both employers and workers.
From that point on, in the following legislative years, and especially in andthere was a notable increase in the debate on the subject and a mobilisation of the different social actors with a vested interest. In order to contribute to a better understanding of the outsourcing phenomenon, this study has outlined the lengthy process to which the above-mentioned Bill of Law has been submitted. In a technical statement published in August ofAnamatra stated that outsourcing is a form of labour relations that goes beyond the concepts of employee and employer set down in Articles 2 and 3 of the CLT, which consider employment ties as a bilateral relationship between employer and employee, defining the latter as:.
Nevertheless, it was only from the s onwards that the adoption of flexible management practices, especially in the automotive sector, which experienced an increasing automation of its production 19983, began to see a deverticalisation of the processes and productive structures.
It was only in the mids ve the use of outsourcing expanded to beyond the sectorial restriction provisioned for by the CLT. In suggesting the existence of reasons and motives behind the agents’ actions that might offer a potential explanation for the interventions of these social actors, as seen over the course of the period in which the Bill has made its way through Congress, one might be led to believe that the urgency seen llei the progression of this le might be related to sanctions suffered by corporations in certain sectors of the economy.
The criticism is, therefore, of the relevance attributed to the extensive collection of data as being a necessary condition for the creation of universal laws governing the natural and social worlds, which is based on the development and testing of theories that are linked to the regularity of empirical events O’MAHONEY and VINCENT, In this sense, subjacent to the defence of the Bill by the business sector is its interest 11983 expanding the rate of added value, by hiring workers at a lower cost.
In a similar vein, one has the affirmation 11983 by Alexandre Furlan, president of the Council of Labour Relations and Social Development at the CNI, who argues that “we cannot close our eyes to outsourcing.
Critical Realism has suggested three distinct fields se reality: The priority attributed to ontology, associated with epistemological pluralism, is what lies at the heart of Critical Lel.
The justifications attached to Bill No. This present article considers that the institution of outsourcing is the transitory result of a dynamic process of conflict between individual and collective se, which reflects the coexistence of trends and counter-trends. Accessed on 27 October This is embodied in new forms of hiring that include part-time work, temporary work, trainee contracts, worker cooperatives, entrepreneurismpei illegal work “, subcontracting and internal outsourcing.
Thus, until the process is completed, the redefinition of the institution of outsourcing remains open, and strongly influenced by the performance of the collective actors.
Factual reality, meanwhile, includes events whose occurrence may or may not correspond to perception or immediate observation, while the real field is made up of the mechanisms, provisions and subjacent structures, which are causually related to perceptions, observations and to the events that make up the other fields.
Consequently, whilst assuming a deviation of the subject, the authors do not share those points of view that suggest both the inexistence of a reality outside the discursive dimension, and the dissolution of the subject.
One can see evidence, on completing the partial mapping of the subject of outsourcing, and especially with regard to Bill No. The question of moral harassment suffered by outsourced workers was also a focus of the study, which sought to show some of the ways in which such harassment might manifest itself in the workplace.
The TST is the highest labour court in the country and it has a nationwide perspective of what is going in terms of outsourcing lie Brazil and makes legal rulings on a wide variety of different 1893. During the s, the scope of outsourcing was once again extended, this time to include security services Law No.
A myriad of atypical hiring modalities have li, with the outsourcing of productive activities of particular interest to this present article. Regardless of the differences that exist between the ontological and the epistemological guidelines of these different currents, 710 all call for strong opposition to positivism.
Taken on its own, the passing of Bill No. The OAB has the same understanding as Anamatrawhen it states categorically that: In order to achieve the objective of this study, the process of research adopted here was based on two explanatory forms of reasoning, usually used within the scope of Critical Realism: We follow the Introduction with a brief description of the main characteristics of the critical realist ontology and then place the subject of outsourcing within the context of administration studies in Brazil.
As part of the continuing and gradual process of flexibilization of labour relations there emerged, at the end of the s, the provision for generalizing outsourcing to the core activities of organisations, set down in the filing of Bill no.
In the df of Bhaskarp. To this end, this survey had two aims: The first, defended by the trade unions, Anamatra and pei OAB-RJ, among others, has a social connotation and is concerned with the potential loss of rights of a portion of the workforce, understood, from a Marxist perspective, as a social class oppressed by the dominant class.
According to Delgado and Amorimthis provision for joint responsibility imposed by the legislator came about because of practices that were commonly adopted in the civil construction sector, as early as in the s, that were in detriment of workers’ rights.
The lack of available articles focusing leei the socioeconomic dimension of outsourcing, whether in studies aimed at analysing labour relations, or those focused on organizational studies helped inspire the present study.